AIMS OF THE COURSE:
The aim of the course is to present methods and tools for approaching the study of sport equipments and rehabilitation devices by means of theoretical lectures, applied workshops and practical experiences during some Laboratory sessions.
Using the basic knowledge of applied mechanics and machine design courses, students should enhance their essential knowledge of anatomy and physiology of the musculoskeletal system and adopt an integrated approach to the study of functionality, comfort and safety properties of sport equipments or rehabilitation devices, after considering the introduction of comparative tests or the development of innovative solutions.
The course proposes the development of an OPTIONAL group project regarding the study of a sport equipment or a biomedical device, assuming either an experimental, a numerical or a product innovation approach.
1. Basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology of the musculoskeletal system.
2. Quantitative anthropometry.
3. Modelling equilibrium and motion of segments of the human body.
4. Analysis of gait and running.
5. Sensors and systems for the evaluation of kinematic, kinetic and physiological parameters during the sport exercise: motion capture systems, force platforms, pressure insoles and mats, electromyography.
6. Design and calibration of strain gauge multi-component load cells for the collection of functional loads at the human body – equipment interfaces.
7. Musculoskeletal simulation codes.
8. Design of a research project for the statistical evaluation of sport and rehabilitation devices.
9. Classification of sport equipments and rehabilitation devices.
10. Identification of perfomance, comfort and safety parameters of sport – rehabilitation equipments.
11. Knowledge of safety standards, implementation of standard tests methods.
12. Functional evaluation of sport equipments, orthoses, assistive technologies, prostheses and training or rehabilitation machines.
SKILLS TO DEVELOP DURING THE COURSE
1. Ability of identifying the perfomance, comfort and safety quality requirements of sport – rehabilitation equipments and correlating them with engineering quantitative parameters.
2. Ability of describing quantitatively the posture of a subject in the fundamental planes by means of arrays of segment absolute angles and of joint relative angles.
3. Ability of decomposing a sports/rehabilitation movement into different phases, separated by fundamental events, in order to describe analytically the movement of body segments and joints as well as the activation of muscle groups.
4. Ability of representing a sport/rehabilitation activity by means of temporal diagrams of kinematic, kinetic and physiological quantities and performing their analysis after normalization or in the time or frequency domain.
5. Ability of adopting a suitable biomechanical model of body joints and solving the joint-muscle equilibrium including the solution of muscle indetermination problem.
6. Ability of developing a research project in Sports & Rehabilitation Engineering after identifying independent and dependent variables and formulating a Research Question.
7. Ability of defining the most appropriate instrumentation and methods useful for developing the research project and answering to the research question.
8. Ability of designing a measurement system for the quantification of the structural/dynamic behavior of sport/rehabilitation devices during real use.
9. Ability of determining the statistical significance of collected data by means of t-test, correlation on repeated measurements or independent measurements, in order to answer to the initial Research Question.
Category: AA 2016 - 2017
/ Corsi di laurea magistrale
/ INGEGNERIA MECCANICA - IN0518