Sports Engineering and rehabilitation devices - Costruzioni meccaniche per lo sport e la riabilitazione. (48 hrs)
Prof. Nicola Petrone
AIMS OF THE COURSE:
The aim of the course is to give to the students the methods and tools to approach the study of sport equipments and rehabilitation devices by means of theoretical lectures, applied workshops and practical experiences in the planned Laboratory sessions.
Using the basic knowledge of applied mechanics and machine design courses, the students should enhance their essential knowledge of anatomy and physiology of the musculoskeletal system and adopt an integrated approach to the study of functionality, comfort and safety properties of sport equipments or rehabilitation devices, after considering the introduction of comparative tests or the development of innovative solutions.
The course proposes the development of an OPTIONAL group project regarding the study of a sport equipment or a biomedical device, assuming either an experimental, a numerical or a innovation approach.
1. Basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology of the musculoskeletal system.
2. Quantitative anthropometry.
3. Modelling equilibrium and motion of the segments of the human body.
4. Analysis of gait and running.
5. Sensors and systems for the evaluation of kinematic, kinetic and physiological parameters during the sport exercise: motion capture systems, force platforms, pressure insoles, electromyography.
6. Design and calibration of strain gauge multi-component load cells for the collection of functional loads at the human body – equipment interfaces.
7. Musculoskeletal simulation codes.
8. Design of a research project for the statistical evaluation of sport and rehabilitation devices.
9. Classification of sport equipments and rehabilitation devices.
10. Identification of perfomance, comfort and safety parameters of sport – rehabilitation equipments.
11. Knowledge of safety standards, implementation of standard tests methods.
12. Functional evaluation of sport equipments, orthoses, assistive technologies, prostheses and training or rehabilitation machines.
SKILLS TO BE DEVELOPED DURING THE COURSE
1. Ability of identifying the perfomance, comfort and safety quality requirements of sport – rehabilitation equipments and to correlate with their engineering quantitative parameters.
2. Ability of formulating a research project in Sports & Rehabilitation Engineering with identification of independent and dependent variables and of the Research Question.
3. Ability of defining the most appropriate instrumentations and methods useful for developing the research project and answering to the research question.
4. Ability of designing a measurement system for the quantification of the structural/dynamic behavior of sport/rehabilitation devices during real use.
5. Ability of decomposing a sports/rehabilitation movement into different Phases, separated by fundamental events, in order to describe analytically the movement of body segments and joints as well as the activation of muscle groups.
6. Ability of describing quantitatively the posture if a subject in the fundamental planes by means of arrays of segment absolute angles and of joint relative angles.
7. Ability of representing the sport/rehabilitation movements by means of temporal diagrams of kinematic, kinetic and physiological quantities and perform their analysis after normalization or frequency analysis.
8. Ability of determining the statistical significance of collected data by means of t-test, correlation on repeated measurements or independent measurements, in order to answer to the initial Research Question.
AVAILABLE INSTRUMENTATIONS in the LABORATORIES
Motion Capture Smart -BTS®, Inertial Motion Units MTW Xsens, Dynamometric platform Bertec® and BTS®, Pressure insoles Novel®, Force sensors Tekscan, Electromyography Pocket BTS ®, Minibionix MTS tensile test machine, MFL torsion test bench, Somat® and IMC® portable data loggers, Racing and MTB bicycles with instrumented handlebar, saddle, pedals, frame, dynamometric bindings for snowboard and skis, instrumented paddle and oars for kayak and canoe, instrumented rollerblades and baseball bat.
- Slides from lectures
- Anatomy notes.
- Publications about ortheses and wheelchairs.
- Book: J. Richards, Biomechanics in Clinic and Research, Churchill Livingstone, Elsevier, 2008.
- Scientific papers.
• W. Kahle, H. Leonhardt, W. Platzer, Anatomia Umana, Vol. 1, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano.
• Kapandji I. A. Fisiologia articolare, vol. 1. Parigi, Maloine Monduzzi editore, 2004
• Nigg B., Herzog W., Biomechanics of the Musculo-skeletal system, Wiley & sons. 1994.
• Robertson G., Caldwell G., Hamill J., Kamen G., Whittlesey S., Research Methods in Biomechanics, Human Kinetics, 2004.
• W.J. Vincent, Statistics in Kinesiology, Human Kinetics, 1999, ISBN 0-7360-0148-4.
Written test + Oral test: Final mark as the average of the two marks.
Course Project evaluation: oral presentation to all students. Evaluation (15) points to be added to the resulting average of the Written-Oral tests.
WRITTEN TESTS (h. 14.00):
16 june 2016
1 july 2016
15 september 2016
29 september 2016
Prof. Nicola Petrone. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale – Via Venezia 1.
Tel: 049-8276761 . firstname.lastname@example.org
Categoria: AA 2015 - 2016
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