Digitisation Life Cycle (Learning Object included)

Site: Moodle - Sistema Bibliotecario d'Ateneo
Course: EU project: Linked Heritage
Book: Digitisation Life Cycle (Learning Object included)
Printed by: Guest user
Date: Sunday, 21 July 2024, 12:15 AM


Guidelines and case study

About the Learning Object


This LO presents the digitisation workflow both in theory and in practice. It consists of two parts: the first one gives an overview of the digitisation entire workflow, the second one focuses on a case study of the University of Padua: the "Botanists portrait collection".
The case study is illustrated also by means of two videos showing the following activities: preservation of items and digitisation.

Hosted and maintained by CAB, Padua University

Using the Learning Object

This learning object should be usable with any modern Web browser, but JavaScript must be enabled for many features to work.
The video can be downloaded in High Definition.

The text can be downloaded as a .txt file.

Aim: to provide skill

This LO is both for managers of cultural institutions and technicians involved in digitisation projects.
Managers can have an overview of the entire workflow while librarians, archivists, technicians are given practical examples of activities/situations they might face in the digitisation process which nowadays affects many institutions.
Its content supplemented by training materials and further readings, raises awareness and, at the same time, provides technical information on digitisation workflow of collections of cultural institutions.

Reading and training materials

Cases studies

Training materials


Case studies

Il Progetto di digitalizzazione Iconoteca dei Botanici (it)

Technical report on the project "Botanists' portraits" of the University of Padua by Lorisa Andreoli, University of Padua, 2011, 71 p.


Restauro, conservazione e digitalizzazione della collezione “Manifesti di propaganda della R.S.I.” (it)

Technical report on the project "Restoration, preservation and digitisation of the collection “Propaganda posters of the Italian Social Republic” by Lorisa Andreoli, University of Padua, 2005, 62 p.


Training materials

This section gathers Linked Heritage Project's deliverables and booklets, sister project booklets (Athena, Minerva), slides, guidelines and manuals edited by Linked Heritage partner Institutions (both in English and in their native language) relevant to the topic.


Digitisation: standards landscape for european museums, archives, libraries (en)

An overview of the different standards which are in use with the partners in the ATHENA project. Its content results from the information provided from the more than 20 partners from ATHENA coming from museums,libraries and archives, as well as ministries. Edited by ATHENA WP3 Working Group “Identifying standards and developing recommendations”, 2011, 44 p. http://phaidra.cab.unipd.it/o:6785


Linee guida sulla digitalizzazione (ita)

Reference booklet about digitalization's procedures of bidimensional documents, accordin to international standards and good practices. Edited by the Phaidra group for the digital asset management system with long-term archiving functions of Padua University. (2011) 23 p.  https://phaidra.cab.unipd.it/detail_object/o:13251


MINERVA Technical Guidelines for Digital Cultural Content Creation Programmes: Version 2.0. (multi-language)

"This document is intended as a resource for policy-makers, for those implementing funding programmes for the creation of digital cultural content and for those managing digitisation projects. Based on a life-cycle approach to the digitisation process, it seeks to provide guidelines for the use of technical standards and identifies areas where there is already a commonality of approach". Editors: Kate Fernie, Giuliana De Francesco and David Dawson, 2008, 92 p. https://phaidra.cab.unipd.it/detail_object/o:13226


Good Practice Handbook. Version 1.2 Identification of good practices and competence centres (eng)

 A list of good practices in digitisation, according to the ten categories selected by the MINERVA Working group 6. (2003) 105 p.  https://phaidra.cab.unipd.it/detail_object/o:13227




Cohen, Daniel J., Rosenzweig, R. 2005, Digital history : a guide to gathering, preserving, and presenting the past on the web. Available at: http://chnm.gmu.edu/digitalhistory/index.php [accessed 11/9/2012]


Europeana's professional knowledge-sharing platform. Available at: http://pro.europeana.eu/web/guest/home [accessed 11/9/2012]


International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), Guidelines for digitisation projects. Available at: http://archive.ifla.org/VII/s19/pubs/digit-guide.pdf [accessed 11/9/2012]


JISC Digital Media. Available at: http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/ [accessed 11/9/2012]


National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Technical guidelines for digitizing archival materials for electronic access: creation of production master files – raster images. Available at: http://www.archives.gov/preservation/technical/guidelines.html [accessed 11/9/2012]


National Information Standards Organization (NISO), A framework guidance for building good digital collections. Available at: http://framework.niso.org/ [accessed11/9/2012]


The NINCH Guide to Good Practice in the Digital Representation and Management of Cultural Heritage Materials. Available at: http://www.nyu.edu/its/humanities/ninchguide/ [accessed 11/9/2012]


Northeast Document Conservation Center (NDCC), Handbook for digital projects. Available at: http://www.nedcc.org/resources/digitalhandbook/dighome.htm [accessed 11/9/2012]


California Digital Library (CDL), Guidelines for Digital Images. Available at: http://www.cdlib.org/inside/diglib/guidelines/bpgimages/ [accessed 11/9/2012]


Comité des Sages of the European Commission, The cost of Digitising Europe’s Cultural Heritage. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/digital_libraries/doc/refgroup/annexes/digiti_report.pdf [accessed 11/9/2012]


Cornell University Library, Digital preservation management resource. Available at: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/dpm/ [accessed 11/9/2012]


Cornell University Library, Moving theory into practice: digital imaging tutorial. Available at: http://www.library.cornell.edu/preservation/tutorial/contents.html [accessed 11/9/2012]


Digital Library Federation (DFL), Draft benchmark for digital reproductions of printed books and serial publications. Available at: http://old.diglib.org/standards/draftbmark.htm [accessed 11/9/2012]


Digital Library Federation (DLF), Guides to quality in visual resource imaging. Available at: http://www.diglib.org/pubs/dlf091/dlf091.htm [accessed 11/9/2012]


Federal Agencies Digitization Initiative (FADGI) – Still Image Working Group, Technical Guidelines for Digitizing Cultural Heritage Materials: Creation of Raster Image Master Files. Available at: http://www.digitizationguidelines.gov/guidelines/FADGI_Still_Image-Tech_Guidelines_2010-08-24.pdf [accessed 11/9/2012]


Hubbard, S., Lenert, D. (eds.), Introduction to Imaging. Available at: http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/introimages/index.html [accessed 11/9/2012]


Lavoie, B.F. 2004, The Open Archival Information System Reference Model: Introductory Guide. Available at: http://www.dpconline.org/docs/lavoie_OAIS.pdf [accessed 11/9/2012]


National Library of the Netherlands, Alternative File Formats for Storing Master Images of Digitisation Projects. Available at: http://www.kb.nl/hrd/dd/dd_links_en_publicaties/links_en_publicaties_intro-en.html [accessed 11/9/2012]


Northeast Document Conservation Center (NDCC), Outsourcing and Vendor Relations. Available at: http://www.nedcc.org/resources/leaflets/6Reformatting/07OutsourcingAndVendorRelations.php [accessed 11/9/2012]


RLG Guidelines for creating a request for proposal for digital images services. Available at: http://www.oclc.org/programs/ourwork/past/digimgtools/RFPGuidelines.pdf [accessed 11/9/2012]



3D-COFORM: Available at: http://www.3d-coform.eu/ [accessed 22/7/2013]


3D-COFORM publications: Available at http://www.3d-coform.eu/index.php/dissemination/publications [accessed 22/7/2013]


Gallant, R. 2013, "3D printing in libraries around the world", in http://www3ders.org. Available at: http://www.3ders.org/articles/20130422-3d-printing-in-libraries-around-the-world.html [accessed 21/8/2013]


Stevenson, J., Jimenez, C., Kelleher, P. & Knox, U. 2012, "3D modelling of cultural objects in the V&A Museum: Tools and workflow developments", Archiving 2012 - Preservation Strategies and Imaging Technologies for Cultural Heritage Institutions and Memory Organizations, Final Program and Proceedings, pp. 168 Available at: http://www.imaging.org/ist/publications/reporter/articles/REP27_3_ARCH2012_Stevenson.pdf [accessed 22/7/2013]



Baca, M. (ed.) 2008, Introduction to metadata. Available at: http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/index.html [accessed 11/9/2012]


Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Wiki, User guide. Available at: http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/User_Guide [accessed 11/9/2012]


National Information Standards Organization (NISO), Data dictionary – Technical metadata for digital still images. Available at: http://www.niso.org/kst/reports/standards?step=2&gid=None&project_key=b897b0cf3e2ee526252d9f830207b3cc9f3b6c2c [accessed 11/9/2012]


National Information Standards Organization (NISO), Understanding metadata. Available at: http://www.niso.org/publications/press/UnderstandingMetadata.pdf [accessed 11/9/2012]