Readings and training materials


A reference list of websites inspired by the Athena project
Booklet: Persistent Identifiers (PIDs): recommendations for institutions by Gordon McKenna and Roxanne Wyns, 2011. Available at:





Australian National Data Service, Persistent identifiers awareness: beginner/awareness level. Available at: [accessed 23/3/2012]

Australian National Data Service, Persistent identifiers: working level. Available at: [accessed 23/3/2012]

Bellini, E., Cirinnà, C., Lunghi, M., Persistent Identifiers for Cultural Heritage. Available at:[accessed 23/3/2012]

Bozzarelli, O., Casella, M. 2011, Gli identificativi persistenti. A Torino un seminario di presentazione, Biblioteche oggi, vol. 8 pp. 66-70. Available at: [accessed 23/3/2012] 

Fondazione Rinascimento digitale, Persistent identifiers in brief. Available at: [accessed 23/3/2012].

Gradmann, S. 2010, Interoperability. A key concept for large scale, persistent digital libraries. Available at: [accessed 21/5/2012]

Hakala, J. 2010, Persistent identifiers – an overview. Available at: Standards in metadata and interoperability. TWR technology watch report. [accessed 5/6/2013]
Lunghi, M., Cirinnà, C., Bellini, E. 2013, "Trust and persistence for internet resources",, vol. 4 no. 1 pp. 375. Available at: [accessed 1/3/2013]
Nicholas, N., Ward, N. & Blinco, K. 2009, "A Policy Checklist for Enabling Persistence of Identifiers ", D-Lib Magazine,  vol. 15, no. 1/2. Available at: [accessed 21/5/2012]
Puccinelli, R., Saccone, M., Trufelli, L. 2011, "Identificativi Persistenti: standard, policy, infrastrutture" Seminario organizzato dalle Biblioteche Civiche Torino e Bess, Available at: [accessed 9/9/2013]
Study on persistent URIs, with identification of best practices and recommendations on the topic for the MSs and the EC, D7.1.3. Joinup - Share and reuse interoperability solutions for public administrations. Available at: [accessed 10/9/2013]
Svensson, L.G. 2010, "Universal Access to Cultural Heritage Material: The Europeana Resolution Discovery Service for Persistent Identifiers", DC-2000 - Pittsburgh Proceedings, Pennsylvania 20-22 October 2010. Available at: [accessed 4/9/2013]
Tonkin, E. 2008, "Persistent identifiers: considering the options", Ariadne, no. 56. Available at: [accessed 4/4/2012]