The course aims at developing knowledge and competences on the role and potentialities of forests goods and services at different institutional scales: international, national and local. Timber, wood, and non wood products and forest ecosystem services will be considered according to the drivers in place in the different geo-political and economic areas of the world, eg tropical, Mediterranean and mountainous areas. Emphasis is given to situations in which forest resources represent livelihood means for rural populations. The course is based on the main theories, concepts and approaches of development and environmental economics and makes reference to the core concepts of environmental sustainability and social responsibility in the management of forest resources.